Ayutthaya was the capital city of The Siamese Kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767. It became the second capital after Sukhothai, a small city in northern Thailand. The name translates as "the dawn of happiness." Ayutthaya was friendly to foreign traders. Many international merchant groups sailed for Ayutthaya from different regions such as the Arab world, China, Japan, India, Portugal, the Netherlands, and France. In the 16th century, foreign traders proclaimed Ayutthaya as "one of the biggest and wealthiest cities in the East".
Ayutthaya is an Island at the junction of three rivers: the Chao Phraya river, the Pa Sak river, and the Lopburi river. The main religion was Theravada Buddhism which means "the Ancient Teaching." It is conservative and closer to early Buddhism. Many areas of the Kingdom also practiced Mahayana Buddhism and influenced by French Missionaries who arrived through China in the 17th century. And some small areas converted to Catholicism.
We have been there twice and I had felt the strong energy. It was kind of sad because all of the temples are so old with the rocks falling and some of the Buddha statues have missing parts such as head, arms, legs, and some the body parts. We've seen one of the Buddha heads overgrown by the fig tree in Wat Mahatat. Here are some pictures of Ayutthaya!
The big stupa
Missing parts of the Buddha
Buddha's head overgrown by fig tree